Practical guide: how to make a scientific essay

A scientific essay, is a relatively brief writing, dedicated to a specific topic that implies its deepening, discernment, and synthesis, where the author expresses his idea or point of view, from an objective information collected and presented previously.

In a more simple way, it is a writing in which the author exposes his ideas in an organized way, or a composition where the author exposes his personal interpretation on a particular topic.

The three keys

1 / First, you have thematic freedom. An assay can treat any aspect; in our case, any scientific issue. The content, therefore, can be very varied, but always emphasizing its originality. That is to say, it can be a subject already treated by other authors, but with its own content, unpublished.

2 / Second, you must follow a predetermined structure:

Title: is the header of the text; It has to be striking, and at the same time orientative, to indicate which aspects / topic is going to be treated in the essay.

Approach / thesis: can have various forms, depending on the purpose of the trial: if we seek to test a new hypothesis or refute an existing one; if we simply want to comment or explain an existing problem; or if we want to propose a new conjecture.

It is of obligatory use, since otherwise, the superstructure of the trial would be damaged.

Development of the Idea / Idea Tested: its purpose is to give the pertinent explanations, for the fulfillment of the thesis; for this, extensive argumentative paragraphs are used (each one has an idea within the essay), transition paragraphs (between argumentative paragraphs) that serve as connection or recapitulation of ideas, linguistic connectors, and concrete examples / bibliographical references.

Conclusion: with it we define the deductive test (if we use it to highlight the thesis, which has already been discussed and argued before), and the inductive test (if we use it for, following the thesis or initial approach, and later argumentation, to affirm a new thesis that serves as colophon of what we have been explaining).

3 / Thirdly, it is essential to provide at the end, all the bibliographic information that has been used, always following the criteria for its correct writing.

So, described the fundamental aspects … what are the steps to follow?

Choose a topic that you know / know, or for whatever reason you want to develop, and make a preliminary outline with the main ideas, and secondary.

Value the goal you want to achieve, and the point of view you want to adopt.

Use an adequate and objective bibliography, so that with information in favor and against the chosen topic, you can make an argument as rigorous as possible.

Start writing! Adaptate to the classic format of the tests, in terms of structure and parts.

Use a correct vocabulary, accurate, but at the same time close to the reader, as it does not have to be a professional in the field.

Use linguistic connectors of all kinds: space-time, causal, ordering, etc.

Avoid unnecessary digressions, and ambiguities in argumentation; think that to explain a reality, it is not necessary to go far from it, since then, the idea that you want to transmit is lost by itself.

Use relevant examples, and explain what you want to say: do not stay short, but do not go too: Everything in its proper measure!

Check the external correction several times: grammar, spelling, and presentation.

It also reviews the internal correction of the text: impact / novelty of ideas, coherence of the same, logical sequence, and conductive thread of the exhibition.

Last but not least: Be true to your personal style! to provide the essay with that main characteristic of originality, and innovation.

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